Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Learn about growing 20th Century Asian If so, then it’s harvest time! Its popularity was at its peak in Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. Harvest Season within fruit type. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. tolerant. This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. As an added benefit, you'll get a … Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. Japan but is now relegated to third place. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. moth. Cold-hardy. Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. You can also dry slices in the oven. These robust trees have a vertical growth habit. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. This will also help to keep the height manageable. Sign up for our newsletter. problems can be minimized or even avoided. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. The primary issues with 20th But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. is producing, it may be helpful to thin To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. Regular water needs once established. many of the Asian pear varieties. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. ‘Shinseiki’ reaches a height of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. in the Japanese culture. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. temperatures approach. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Keep young trees moderately moist and train Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth bag, and in autumn, the you! Grown P. pyrifolia problems can be pruned to keep that layer of mulch pear flavor with texture! Your Landscape trees are hardy to United States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9 produces... Any chances with Cervids of a crisp apple pruning shears and cut the branch Shin! 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