The water is drained and after the indigo has dried, it is cut into cubes or made into balls[303 ]. Medicated hair oil, abdominal disorders, leucorrhoea, toxicities, fever, arthritis, jaundice, inflammation, Rheumatic arthritis, Copyright © 2013 - 2019 www.medicinalplantsindia.com All Rights Reserved. Flora of Micronesia website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The crop normally requires little attention after sowing. Flora of Bermuda. The Leguminohttp://sae of Madagahttp://scar., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardenhttp://s. The reside remaining after indigo extraction is also applied as manure. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 28°c, but can tolerate 7 - 32°c[418 ]. Seed - pre-soak overnight in warm water and sow in a seedbed with partial shade. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. In: Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin islands, Volume V, Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Pandanales to Thymeleales. Britton NL, 1918. In April 2004, the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products identified the need for a complete safety dossier of the species, and a review of its potential toxicity was conducted by the EU Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety which concluded in 2012 that further research is required, as currently there is insufficient data (SCCS, 2012). I. tinctoria has been widely cultivated in tropical regions, usually between 0 and 300 m altitude, and grows well in brushwood, bush margins, grassy fields, and secondary forest, seasonally flooded grassy fields and sandy coasts and along roadsides and riverbanks, although the species cannot tolerate excessive water or heat (Duke, 1981; Seidemann, 2005). In Iran and areas of the former Soviet Union it is known as basma. Indigofera tinctoria (true indigo); habit, with flowers. In India harvested branches are tied into bundles of about 130 kg and transported to the dye factory. It has also been used as a cover crop in coffee plantations and rice fields, as green manure for crops such as maize, cotton, and sugarcane, as well as an occasional fodder crop, contrasting with the poisonous nature of some other members of the Indigofera genus (Duke, 1981; Lemmens and Wulijarni-Soetjipto, 1991). Other Uses of Blue False Indigo This plant was used as a dye by Native American tribes. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Kew Bulletin, 1893. Indigofera orthocarpa (DC.) This plant has no children Legal Status. Up to 3 harvests are possible per year[299 ]. From Bengal it was taken to the West Indies” (University of Calcutta, 1902). Invasive Plants: A Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Navassa Island and its flora 2- Checklist of the vascular plants. This practice continued until the true indigo plant arrived in America from India. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. These varieties of indigo were … Related Links. A watery root paste is applied topically in India to treat worm-infested wounds[299 ]. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). New York, USA: C. Scribner's Sons. Leaves are pinnate, green, flowers are violet or pink. Zorn first published his illustrated medical botany in Nurnberg in 1780 with 500 plates, and a Dutch edition followed in 1796 published by J.C. Sepp with an additional 100 plates. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic, 251-252. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). * Important announcements and news Erect shrub to 1.5 m tall, many-branched from base. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Leaves are pinnate, green, flowers are violet or pink. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 345 pp. The plant is also widely grown as a soil-improving groundcover. The chromosome count for I. tinctoria is 2n=16 (Duke, 1981; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Afterwards the solution is left to rest and the insoluble indigo settles to the bottom as a bluish sludge[303 ]. MacLeod MJ, 1997. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. The natural blue die is obtaned by the process of leaves of the plant. Bisby FA, Buckingham J, Harborne JB, Southon IW, Zarucchi JL, 1994. True Indigo or Indigofera tinctoria is a perennial plant reaching a height of 1-2 m upon maturity. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, SCCS, 2012. Seeds are containing in a pod up to 3 cm long. Brill, 244 pp. Britton N L, Wilson P, 1924. The crop should be harvested promptly because heavy rains or flooding can destroy it in a few hours. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The plant is also used as cover crop and green manure. The total lifespan for dye crops is 2-3 years when grown as a ratoon crop. Plants may start to flower 3-4 months after sowing. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. All plant pages have their own unique code. It can tolerate a wide range of precipitation (annual rainfall 640-4100 mm/year), requires little attention after sprouting, and has widely spreading branches that could crowd out other species with its shade (Duke 1981). Further data and research are needed to gauge the impact of I. tinctoria on native flora and natural communities, and the extent of the species’ potential for invasiveness, especially considering its widespread distribution across tropical regions. Spacing: 36-48 in. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,300 - 1,700mm, but tolerates 640 - 3,000mm[418 ]. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin islands, Volume V, Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. It spreads by seeds, which are numerous (up to 15 per pod). Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Lemmens and Wulijarni-Soetjipto, , Marco Polo (13th century) was the first European to report on the preparation of indigo in India. Eggers HFA, 1879. Branches are spreading or ascending and are often woody. (90-120 cm). Creeping indigo, spicate indigo, trailing indigo. O.Berg & C.F.Schmidt, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. In short, “Indigofera tinctoria can be distinguished from the related I. arrecta and I. longiracemosa by its longer, indehiscent pods with slight constrictions between the seeds, and its slightly larger flowers with a slightly longer staminal tube” (Puy et al., 2002). Reading, UK: School of Plant Sciences, University of Reading. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Handcoloured copperplate botanical engraving from Johannes Zorn's 'Afbeelding der Artseny-Gewassen,' Jan Christiaan Sepp, Amsterdam, 1796. It may be an annual, biennial, or perennial, depending on the climate in which it is grown. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). A good early-game spot to harvest True Indigo is the Giant Crocodile (Legendary Creature) oasis just below Waterhole Outlook, and the path south-then-east leads to more near the river. Agroforestry Uses: The plant is sometimes grown as a cover crop and green manure[418 ]. More >>>. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. As folhas contêm indican, um glucosídeo incolor que oxida na água para formar uma cor azul. True indigo plant, Indigofera tinctoria. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[755 ]. Indigo plant or True Indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) is a desidious, perennial some time biennial according to climate, shrub, grows up to 2 m high. Legume 3-3.5 cm long, curved only at apex, cylindrical, becoming glabrous, tardily dehiscent; seeds ca. Indigofera tinctoria is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a fast rate. March 2018. A good early-game spot to harvest True Indigo is the Giant Crocodile (Legendary Creature) oasis just below Waterhole Outlook, and the path south-then-east leads to more near the river. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Found in Jungles, and in Desert areas near water. Kress WJ; Defilipps RA; Farr E; Kyi DYY, 2003. In traditional preparations of the dye, various reducing agents such as molasses are used, together with coconut-milk, bananas and the leaves of Psidium guajava[303 ]. Flowering Time: Mid Spring. CABI, Undated. Pereira J; Carson J, 1852. It was widely cultivated in India, China, Java, Africa, Malagasy, and tropical America, and has been known to have escaped from cultivation in many of these areas (Duke, 1981; Lemmens and Wulijarni-Soetjipto, 1991; Seidemann, 2005). 3. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Because I. tinctoria was widely introduced for dye production in tropical regions around the world and escaped from cultivation, it is now considered an agricultural and environmental weed, with the potential to threaten native ecosystems (Randall, 2012).
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